DEGREE: AA-T Geography for Transfer
Code #1985

Geography is the science of place and space. Geographers study the relationships among geographic places, natural systems, society, cultural activities, and the interdependence of all these over space.

There are two main branches of geography: human geography and physical geography. Human geography is concerned with the spatial aspects of human existence – how people and their activities are distributed in space, how people use and perceive space, and how people create and sustain the places that make up Earth’s surface. Physical geographers study the physical elements and spatial processes that make up and shape the environment, including energy, air, water, weather, climate, landforms, soils, animals, plants, etc. Many human and physical geographers have skills in cartography and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Geographers also study the linkages between human activity and natural systems. Geographers were, in fact, among the first scientists to sound the alarm that human-induced changes to the environment were beginning to threaten the balance of life itself. Geographers today are active in the study of global warming, desertification, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, groundwater pollution, flooding, and more.

Note to Transfer Students:
The Geography for Transfer A.A.-T degree is designed for students who plan to transfer to a campus of the California State University (CSU). Other than the required core, the courses you choose to complete this degree will depend to some extent on the selected CSU for transfer. For students wishing to transfer to other universities (UC System, private, or out-of-state), the Associate Degree for Transfer may not provide adequate preparation for upper-division transfer admissions; it is critical that you meet with a CRC counselor to select and plan the courses for the major, as programs vary widely in terms of the required preparation.

1Students may also substitute courses from Elective List A not already counted toward the degree.

Associate in Arts for Transfer Degree
The Associate in Arts in Geography for Transfer (AA-T) degree may be obtained by completion of 60 transferable, semester units with a minimum 2.0 GPA, including (a) the major or area of emphasis described in the Required Program, and (b) either the Intersegmental General Education Transfer Curriculum (IGETC) or the California State University General Education-Breadth Requirements.

DEGREE: A.S. Geography
Code #1536
Required Program
Fall or Spring semester (best if concurrent with GEOG 300):
A minimum of 6 units selected from the following:
Total Units Required

¹A minimum of 60 units is required for the A.S. degree which includes core courses, electives, and general education (GE) graduation requirements. Geography majors are encouraged to complete additional GE requirements from a list of suggested courses on file in the Geography Department and at the Counseling Center. Students should use PROJECT ASSIST ( to research lower division major requirements at the transfer institution of their choice and also work with a counselor to determine the most appropriate transfer coursework.

²A maximum of 2 units from GEOG 390 will be counted toward the degree requirement.

Associate Degree
The Geography Associate in Science (A.S.) Degree may be obtained by completion of the required program and general requirements as well as sufficient electives to meet a 60-unit total. See CRC graduation requirements.

DEGREE: A.S. Environmental Studies and Sustainability
Code #1635

The Environmental Studies & Sustainability Program is an interdisciplinary, and multidisciplinary, course of study that presents a broad overview of ecological issues from a variety of perspectives in the natural, physical, and social sciences. The coursework examines the interplay between natural and social systems, and the ideological foundations of humankind's attitudes and behaviors with respect to their ever-changing environment. This program is designed to prepare students to research, analyze, and propose solutions to the myriad environmental challenges facing the world today.

The Environmental Studies & Sustainability Associate of Science degree is designed to correlate with the lower division courses required to transfer into an Environmental Studies Program at many four-year institutions as well as a broad education for transfer in related disciplines.

The disciplines of Environmental Studies and Geography are complementary fields, both focused on aspects of human-environment interaction. This complementarity is reflected in the many 4-year institutions that house combined Geography and Environmental Study programs. Students interested in double-majoring in these two closely-related disciplines, and/or simultaneously earning a Certificate in Geographic Information Systems, are encouraged to examine the required coursework and plan their program of study accordingly.

Students should use PROJECT ASSIST ( to research lower division major requirements at the transfer institution of their choice and should also work with the program adviser and a counselor to determine the appropriate transfer coursework.

Students interested in pursuing an Environmental Science major should consult with science faculty and counselors to tailor the specific coursework necessary to transfer to the 4-year institution of their choice.

Career Opportunities
Natural Resource Management; Forestry; Range Management; Park Ranger, Wildlife Biology; Agriculture; Soil and Water Conservation; Land Use Planning; Waste Management; Environmental Education; Environmental Policy And Planning; Environmental Law; Environmental Consulting; Environmental Lobbying; Environmental Planning; Environmental Protection; Environmental Compliance; Environmental Engineering; Air Quality Control; Landscape Architecture; Urban and Regional Planning; Alternative Energy Development; Risk Analysis; Contaminated Lands Reclamation; Research; Consulting

Required Program
Natural Science/Ecology Courses:
A minimum of three (3) units from the following:
Chemistry Courses:
A minimum of four (4) units from the following:
Social Science Courses:
Total Units Required

Suggested Electives:
IV. Natural Sciences
GEOG 306 Weather and Climate
GEOL 330 Introduction to Oceanography

V(b). Social and Behavioral Sciences
ANTH 310 Cultural Anthropology
ECON 302 Principles of Macroeconomics

Other program elective(s) to complete the 60-unit degree requirement

ARCH 302 Introduction to Sustainability in the Built Environment I
ARCH 303 Introduction to Sustainability in the Built Environment II
HORT 302 Soils, Soil Management, and Plant Nutrition
HORT 313 Sustainable Agriculture
NUTRI 303 Plant-Based Nutrition

Associate Degree
The Environmental Studies & Sustainability Associate in Science (A.S.) Degree may be obtained by completion of the required program and general requirements as well as sufficient electives to meet a 60-unit total. See CRC graduation requirements.